Counselling on Interpersonal Violence

Interpersonal violence is NEVER the fault of the victim/survivor

Domestic violenceInterpersonal violence occurs when one person uses power and control over another through physical, sexual, or emotional threats or actions, economic control, isolation, or other kinds of coercive behaviour. Interpersonal violence can profoundly impact the wellness and health of a survivor. Dating/Intimate partner violence, domestic violence, sexual violence/assault and stalking are types of interpersonal violence that can often leave survivors feeling scared, alone, confused and unsure where to find help. Interpersonal violence exists among every socioeconomic, cultural, racial, ethnic, sexual orientation and gender group.

When it comes to criminal trauma, everyone reacts differently and there is no “right” or “wrong” reaction. Each situation is unique and complex, and really needs to be a team effort, not solely self-help. Reaching out can be very difficult when your sense of safety is threatened, yet the healing is likely to emerge through connection and support.
You can contact us for confidential assistance, at any time. A counselor can help with emotional support, safety planning, and exploring resources and options. Interpersonal violence is NEVER the fault of the victim/survivor.

Relationship Violence

Relationship violence can occur in any type of intimate relationship and is characterized by a pattern of behavior that is used to establish power and control by one partner over another, through tactics of fear and intimidation. It includes intimate partner violence, dating violence and domestic violence. Relationship violence may involve physical abuse or aggression, but often the abuse is not physical. It may include verbal and emotional abuse, forced sexual activity or sabotage of birth control methods, or financial control.

Stalking

Stalking involves a pattern of harassing or threatening behavior directed towards a person that is both unwanted and causes fear or concerns for personal safety. Stalking tactics include, but are not limited to, behaviors such as repeated unwanted phone calls, text messages, or emails, watching or following from a distance or showing up in places such as the victim/survivor’s home, workplace or school. Any of these behaviors individually are not necessarily illegal or in violation of university policy. However, when the person being stalked acknowledges the behavior is unwanted and repeated, there can be an implied threat in the continued contact. Stalking may occur in person, but it can also occur online and through social media.

People who experience stalking may feel scared of what the stalker will do next, feel vulnerable or feel unsure who to trust. They may also struggle with feelings of anxiousness or dread, as well depression, powerlessness and confusion.

the majority of stalking victims are stalked by someone they know. 66% of female victims and 41% of male victims of stalking are stalked by a current or former intimate partner.

Bullying

Bullying which is a type of harassment that can be either verbal or physical, or both. It can also take the form of coercion where someone is threatened by another person and as a result of those threats, the bully’s victim feels intimidated and pressured into acting a certain way or doing a certain thing. Bullying can occur in all settings – school, work, home, neighborhood and the internet.


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